Dixie Land Looks Away

When President Franklin Pierce convinced the Democrats in congress to pass the Kansas Nebraska Act in 1854, the political party system was affected in a way that divided the nation. In the 1844 election and of the people of New York, approximately 49 percent of those who voted, voted for the Democratic Party, approximately 48 percent voted for the Whig Party and approximately 3 percent voted for the Liberty/Free Soil Party. In 1848, the percentage of Democratic votes decreased to 25 percent and the Liberty/Free Soil votes rose to 27 percent. In the 1856 election, the Whig and Liberty/Free Soil Parties ceased to exist, the Republican and American/Constitutional Union Parties replaced them. In that election, the Democratic Party received 33 percent of the votes, the Republican Party received 46 percent of the votes and the American/Constitutional Union Party received 21 percent of the votes. In 1860, the Republicans again dominated the polls, this time even gaining a majority. The Democratic Party received 46 percent of the votes, the Republican Party received 54 percent of the votes and the American/Constitutional Union Party received none. It is also important to note the party affiliations of the state governors of the nation. In the northern states in 1859, the governors were all Democrats. In 1855 to 1856, the governors were Republican and Know Nothing but were mostly Republican. By 1860, they were all Republican. In the south in the period from 1850 to 1860, all of the state governors (except of Kentucky) were Democrats. This shows that by 1860, the American Party System was on the verge of dividing along regional lines. In the period from 1850 to 1859, the only national party (Democrat) begins to fade away in the north. The passage of the Kansas Nebraska Act caused the Second Party System — which consisted of Whigs and Democrats — to collapse. The Republicans replaced the Whigs and when this happened, some southern states think of secession and this eventually leads to civil war. [...]